Welcome, My name is Matt Fletcher and this is my Fletcher genealogy and family tree page.
The information on this page is the product of A LOT of time and effort so first, a special thanks to Fletcher researchers and others!
Please forgive any typographical errors on this page. I generally work on this stuff in the middle of the night when I am half asleep so I won't be offended if you email me any corrections.
Photo at left is Dick Fletcher and I meeting for the first time. A special thanks goes to Dick Fletcher for all of his help in understanding a little about DNA.
Dick and I are long lost cousins, we found each other through the
genealogy DNA test we both took. Dick Fletcher and I are
a perfect 67 out of 67 marker DNA match and as a chemical engineer and accomplished genealogy researcher Dick is our unofficial DNA expert and research leader. One note about
DNA testing. If you're serious about genealogy, you must get a DNA test done because you may not even be who you think you are.
Also, a thanks to Ohio Social Studies teacher Sandra Ford for her research help and Michigan Math and Science teacher Karen Johnson. Meeting Karen Johnson while teaching inspired me to dig a bit deeper into my family's past resulting in the information on this page.
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"It takes one to know one." When I was student teaching in the Detroit area I met Karen Johnson and instantly felt like I knew her from somewhwere, something was familiar about her, I couldn't quite put my finger on it. Then one day she said the magic words to me..."poke salet" Poke salet, AKA polk salad, and several other spellings is an Appalachian dish known only to people of a "hillbilly" background. Karen knew what polk salet was and how to cook it because her father was from Appalachia as mine was. Everyone knows about biscuits and gravy, corn bread, a few know about soup beans but outside of my family, Karen was the only person I ever met that knew about the Hillbilly dish called poke salet which I remember eating as a kid growing up in Detroit. I later discovered that my mother used to actually buy canned poke salet in Detroit grocery stores up until
about the 1970s. "Poke" was not as uncommon as I thought and I found the photo at left of canned poke salet on the web.
Karen and I had very similar backgrounds I went back into the scant family information I had and looked to see if we were related in some way. Fletcher and Johnson are pretty common names and several Fletchers have married several Johnsons but I never found a link between the line of Douglas Eugene Johnson of Bakersville NC and my Fletcher line from Manchester kentucky and Kyles Ford Tennessee. In my research, one thing led to another and I traced my family back to early 1700s America through my DNA match to Dick Fletcher.
|My father, Matt Fletcher, in the photo on the left is the one with the safety pin holding up his bibbed overalls. Dad came from Manchester Kentucky located in Clay County and and Karen's father was Douglas Eugene Johnson of Bakersville North Carolina, they both came to Detroit to work on the assembly line but my dad started his own contracting business. I learned that this was the second largest migration of Americans in U.S. history. Men like Matt Fletcher, Doug Johnson and thousands of others, like them left Appalachia and traveled a great distance to find work and a better life working on the Detroit assembly line and the experiences we shared were very similar. For instance, foods like chicken & duplings shuck beans, soup beans & cornbread, poke salet, biscuits and gravy, oranges for Christmas as well as other traditions. Most of the Appalachian transplants first settled in Detroit and then migrated to the suburbs. Ironically, Douglas Johnson bought a house at 4585 Buckingham in Warren Michigan while my dad bought a house at 4151 Buckingham just a few miles away in Detroit Michigan. At least 100,000 people left Appalachia for Detroit. some estimates are as high ast 500,000.|
|During my genealogy search I discovered that traditions and migration patterns I thought were fairly unique to my family turned out to be pretty common. In the numbers outlining migration from Applachia to Detroit some experts estimate that about 15% of Metro Detroit is comprised of Applachian transplants. At left, 1970s photo of Great Aunt Mandy, sister to my grandmother, in Bull Run Holler, Knox County Kentucky. Like a lot of folks in the area Mandy had no indoor plumbing so it was a real adventure when we would visit her. I'm not sure if Aunt Mandy ever came to Detroit to work on the assembly line or not but I know all of her siblings did. Many of my relatives came to Detroit just long enough to make enough money to buy a farm and them moved back to Kentucky. Living in Detroit we of course had indoor plumbing but it was the visits to Appalachia that made us "youngins" realize why our father had left there.|
Mom and dad were both from Kentucky but met in Detroit. Hundreds of thousands of Southern Appalachian MigrantS (SAMS) moved North to places like Detroit in the 1940s to the 1980s. My own first cousin Tommy Jones used to come up form Kentucky in the summers to work for my dad and go back each fall.
It has been estimated that as many as one million Appalachians moved to the Detroit area. The phrase "hilibilly highway" was coined referring to the out-migration of residents of the
Appalachian mountains to places like Detroit.
These Appalachian factory workers became "stranded" here in Michigan when they married and had
children. Many came intending to go back south but never do because their children and grandchildren were born in Michigan and they do not want to leave family members.
Another dilemma is where to bury the Appalachian transplants once they pass on.
douglas eugene johnson brighton michigan via bakersville north carolinaShould they be buried in Michigan where the kids and grand-kids can come to visit the grave? Or, bury them back in Appalachia where they often have a family plot? These are issues that I imagine are unique to Appalachian families who migrated to the north. My father made the choice to be buried in Kentucky in the family plot near his parents, grandparents and siblings.
|Growing up, my dad was pretty popular with my friends because he was a real character, always had a good story to tell in his strong Appalachian (and often imitated) accent. His accent was so thick that I often had to translate what he said for my friends. I didn't realize until later in life that I was bilingual!!! For instance: "Yens go cut me a sweecth." Translation: We are about to get an as whoppin' or, at least the treat of one and the switch you cut will the the object our your pain. Dad would also take me and my friends fishing and let us shoot BB guns in our backyard. None of us kids ever shot our eye out either! An at one point we even kept live chickens in our garage and always had a vegetable garden. Dad also hired many of my buddies and Appalachian cousins to work for him in his contracting business. Myself as well as several of my buddies worked our way through college painting houses for my dad each summer. We had a diverse work crew with a mixture of Dee-troit college boys and hillbilly farm boys. Dad was smart but he only had a 6th grade education from a one room school-house in rural Kentucky and that held him back. People who migrated from Appalachia were not generally very well educated and my family was no exception. Most had not graduated high school and no one in my immediate family had ever gone to college. Being the neighborhood hillbillies wasn't always easy on my family and many times I saw our Appalachian background as something to hide, overcome and not to embrace. We all spoke with a bit of an Appalachian twang, ate strange foods, had guns hanging on the walls in our house and chickens in our yard, dad wore bibbed overalls much of the time so we didn't exactly fit in. Bringing girls home to meet the family was interesting to say the least. But as I have aged I have gained a deeper understaning of my background and a genuine appreciation for my culture (poke salet and soup beans is a culture?....who knew?). I love to talk to people with the Appalachian twang and listen to any stories they may have about the time they spent in Detroit working.|
sandra dee fletcher, linda fletcher, mathew mark fletcher, michael david fletcherRegular trips my family took back to Kentucky kept us in touch with our Appalachian culture. In the photo at left, about 1967, that's my cousin, Johnny Wayne Sanders, great grand mother Granny Henson, and myself in Knox County Kentucky. When "down home" we would hunt, fish, eat shuck beans, squirrels, cornbread, and use an outhouse. Some of my relatives had running water inside the house and others simply had a pump out in the yard and an out-house. My great grandmother was "Granny Henson" who chewed tobacco and didn't have a single tooth in her mouth as far back as I can recall.
sandra dee fletcher, linda fletcher, mathew mark fletcher, michael david fletcherAt left, back in Kentucky about 1973 visiting relatives during Memorial Day or "Decoration Day" as they call it down home in Appalachia. From left, Beve Fletcher in glasses, Tommy jones, me, Doug Fletcher, Wayne Jones and my dad in the mustache. We generally went to Kentucky in the spring for Decoration Day and sometimes back again in the fall to squirrel hunt. You haven't lived until you had fried squirrel, biscuts & squirrel gravey, and cow's milk for breakfast!
To my left is Cousin Tommy Jones. Tommy is one of the Applachains that spent a lot of his life in Detroit and Applachia. I think Tommy may have been born in Detroit as I was but he spent most of his life in Kentucky. Tommy's dad was one of the Appalachians that came to Detroit, worked in a factory just long enough to buy a farm in Kentucky and moved his family back. They moved back to Kentucky about 1970 after saving enough money to buy a large farm. They went from living in a nice suburban Detroit home with hot and cold running water and indoor plumbing, to a large broken-down farm with only cold running water in the kitchen sink and NO INDOOR BATHROOM for several years. When we visited, we camped in their yard, slept in a tent and used the out-house. As a teen, Tommy came back to Detroit to work for my dad several summers. When we visited them Kentucky, I sat on the back of a tobacco setter, pulled by a tractor, and helped set out tobacco plants on my cousin's farm. A few times my dad and I drove to Kentucky to get cousin Tommy in the spring. While there, we helped set out a little tobacco and other crops, then went back to Detroit to work for my dad all summer and then brought Tommy back to Kentucky for the fall harvest and to strip tobacco. Chad Berry PhD called this type of activity "shuttle migration" in his book, Southern Migrants, Northern Exiles.
Mystery grave: One of the milestones in my genealogy research was finding Wilson Fletcher and this photo of him. When I began researching in about 2004 I didn't even know the name of my own great grandfather. I found out from relatives
that his name was Wilson Fletcher. I eventually used census records to trace Wison Fletcher to a place called Kyles Ford Tennessee where there was a large concentration of my Fletcher ancestors. One Decoration Day (Memorial Day) my aunt Pearl Fletcher told me that Wilson was buried in an unmarked grave under a large tree at the top of our family cemetery in Manchester Kentucky. This was news to me as I did not know that Wilson had migrated to Manchester Kentucky. I thought his son William was the one that left Kyles Ford for Manchester. Since I was not interested in genealogy at the time I forgot about it. Years later, that large tree died and was cut down, and as the stump began to rot a rock headstone began to emerge. I also found the death certificate of wilson Fletcher showing that he had in fact died in Manchester Kentucky.
Pearl Fletcher was right, there was a grave under the tree and my later genealogy research did in fact show that Wilson Fletcher had died in Manchester Kentucky. Years later, a distant relative named Janet Fletcher-Mattingly found my genealogy web page and gave me additional information on Wilson Fletcher including this photo. So now I knew his name, where he was buried and now I even have a picture of Wilson Fletcher.
A few weeks after Janet Fletcher-Mattingly sent me the above photo of Wilson Fletcher, she sent me the group photo at left which Janet's granny had left her when she died and Janet realized that the man in the group photo was also my great grandfather, Wilson Fletcher. Yep, I agree, that is Wilson Fletcher, but who are the other guys?
After looking at another photo I had of my grandfather at age 60-something, I decided that the boy on the left is likely my grandfather, W.m. Fletcher as a young boy. So, this appears to be a group family photo of just the men. I am guessing the other boy is likely John Fletcher, I think, brother to W.M. and the older man may be Henry Fletcher....my great great grandfather who came to Kyles Ford TN with his father John or Thomas A. Fletcher. WOW! What a fantastic find. this photo was a "tin type" metal photograph typical around the time of the Civil War. I can't thank Janet enough for sending it to me.
These guys are a rough lookin' bunch. Not a smile on a single one of them. Kyles Ford TN was still the frontier at that time and a hard life made for hard people. Not exactly the kinda guys you want to take on a golf outing but I'd love to go back in time and hunt or fish with them. kyles ford tenn. kyles ford tn. rogersville tn. mark fletcher detroit michigan. mark fletcher 4151 buckingham, mark fletcher 5734 hereford. mark fletcher home inspector.
sandra dee fletcher, linda fletcher, mathew mark fletcher, michael david fletcherDecoration Day at the Fletcher Graveyard on Pennington Rd., Manchester Kentucky. This photo is about 8 years old and we had a pretty good turn out of relatives that year. But each year more people pass away or are old and sick and do not show up. It is sad to see this happen, but life goes on.
Conclusions on my genealogy research: A heck of a lot of people came from Appalachia to Detroit looking for work and a better life and they brought their culture with them and I share this culture with people in Detroit and Appalachia. When I was younger I never thought of the Appalachian "Hillbilly Culture" as a culture at all but more of an obstacle to overcome. All of my immediate and extended family were from Appalachia and being immersed in Appalachian culture, like it or not, shapes who you become later in life. I believe that the way I speak, my mannerisms, the love I have for the outdoors, fishing, getting muddy, trucks, and planting a garden all go back to my up-bringing rooted in Appalachian farming culture.
appalachia to detroit migration
Teachers And ResearchersI am former Social Studies teacher and think primary sources (original documents) as verification to historical events are very important. See my collection of genealogy related historical documents
Teachers who are doing a lesson on genealogy are welcome to use this lesson plan which I have used in my own classroom. I no longer do genealogy research because I felt like I took it as far as I could. I set up this web page to share my information and so that others would find it and bring me additional information so feel free to contact me.
The best book I have ever read on Appalachian migration is called Souther Migrants, Northern Exiles by Chad Berry. Book description here: "One of the largest internal migrations in U.S. history, the great white migration left its mark on virtually every family in every southern upland and flatland town. In this extraordinary record of ordinary lives, dozens of white southern migrants describe their experiences in the northern "wilderness" and their irradicable attachments to family and community in the South. Southern out-migration drew millions of southern workers to the steel mills, automobile factories, and even agricultural fields and orchards of Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, and Illinois. Through vivid oral histories, Chad Berry explores the conflict between migrants' economic success and their "spiritual exile" in the North. He documents the tension between factory owners who welcomed cheap, naive southern laborers and local "native" workers who greeted migrants with suspicion and hostility. He examines the phenomenon of "shuttle migration", in which migrants came north to work during the winter and returned home to plant spring crops on their southern farms. He also explores the impact of southern traditions - especially the southern evangelical church and "hillbilly" music - brought north by migrants. Berry argues that in spite of being scorned by midwesterners for violence, fecundity, intoxication, laziness, and squalor, the vast majority of southern whites who moved to the Midwest found the economic prosperity they were seeking. By allowing southern migrants to assess their own experiences and tell their own stories, "Southern Migrants, Northern Exiles" refutes persistent stereotypes about migrants' clannishness, life-style, work ethic, and success in the North."
Thank you very much for visiting my genealogy web page. My own family line is below.
fletcher kentucky genealogy
My Fletcher Lineage From Hancock & Hawkins Co.TN
To Clay Co. Kentucky To Detroit
Kyles Ford Tennessee is located in Northern Tennessee on the boarder of Hancock, Hawkins, and Scott and Lee Counties Virginia on the north. Kyles Ford is in Hancock County now but used to be part of Hawkins County and that is where I found my supporting primary source documents. If your family is from this area, or you have something to add to this page I would love to hear from you. DetroitHomeInpsector@yahoo.com or 313-510-0284.
crit white clay countyNone of what I have on this site is carved in stone and I am open to different interpretations of the genealogy data and clues I have gathered. I good researcher is always willing to admit they are not 100% correct. However, if you disagree with me on some point, I hope you have some evidence to share. I know of one genealogy researcher who does not agree that Thomas A. Fletcher, Rev. War vet is not of my line, claiming instead that Thomas A. Was of HIS line. I pointed to my mountain of evidence showing Thomas A. Fletcher lived in Kyles Ford where I can trace my family to, the wills, the land grants, the census data, and asked my fellow researcher what evicence he had....he didn't have any. With that said, I believe my lineage Fletcher goes like this:
More About The
Thomas A. Fletcher Line
Generation No. 1
i. JOHN P.2 FLETCHER, b. Abt. 1795; d. 03 Oct 1844, Hawkins County,Tennessee. Left this will which is witnessed by my great great grandfather Henry Fletcher.
ii. ELIZABETH FLETCHER, m. ANTHONY SMITH.
iii. JANE FLETCHER, b. Abt. 1780; m. DELANY AMISTED HERRON; b. Abt. 1781; d. Aft. 1860.
iv. FRANCES FLETCHER, m. ? ETTER.
v. JAMES FLETCHER.
vi. MARGARET PEGGY FLETCHER.
vii. MARY POLLY FLETCHER.
viii. WILLIAM FLETCHER, b. 1777.
ix. THOMAS B. FLETCHER, b. 1786.
Generation No. 3
2. JOHN P.2 FLETCHER (THOMAS A.1) was born Abt. 1795, and died 03 Oct 1844 in Hawkins County,Tennessee. He married He married CATHERINE CURRY Abt. 1815. She was born Abt. 1798 in Virginia.
More About JOHN FLETCHER and CATHERINE CURRY:
Marriage: Abt. 1815
Children of JOHN FLETCHER and CATHERINE CURRY are:
i. HENRY FLETCHER, b. Abt. 1812, Tazewell,Virginia.
ii. MARY POLLY FLETCHER, b. 1814; m. JAMES DAVID SMITH; b. 1811.
iii. WILLIAM FLETCHER, b. Abt. 1815.
iv. SUSAN FLETCHER, b. 25 Jun 1816; d. Bef. 1900; m. WILLIAM MABE; b. 27 Jul 1813; d. 04 Apr 1896.
v. JOHN W. FLETCHER, b. 1819, North Carolina.
vi. ROBERT FLETCHER, b. 1820.
vii. ORPHA FLETCHER, b. 1822; m. WILLIAM A. HICKS.
ix. CLARA FLETCHER, b. 1825; m. STERLING MITCHELL; b. 1822.
x. FRANCIS FRANKY FLETCHER, b. 1829.
xi. JAMES FLETCHER, b. 1831.
xii. MAHALA FLETCHER, b. 1833, Hancock County,Tennessee; d. 10 Mar 1906, Knoxville,Tennessee (Knox
Notes about John and Catharine. One transcription of John Fletcher's will, his wife is called Christine. That is incorrect. We went to Kyles Ford and copied the hand written will on file in the courthouse. The will clearly says Catharine and not Christene. It is this will of John that links him to Henry Fletcher of the Kyles Ford region.
Henry is a witness on the will of John and I believe that Henry is the son of John. Russell Belcher is also a witness on the will. A descendent of Russell (wife to Dayton Moles) currently owns the land where I found the Fletcher Graveyard. John and Henry owned this land and other plots of land in the Kyles Ford area. The Clinch River is mentioned as a landmark in the land deed. John and Henry Fletcher were given land grants from the state of Tennessee. I also found land documents showing that Anthony Smith owned land in the Kyles Ford area. In his will, Thomas A. Fletcher requested he be buried on the farm of Anthony Smith who was married to the daughter of Thomas A.Fletcher.
I found a land deal involving John and Henry AFTER the death of John which bothered me but then I realized that Henry also had a Brother named John. The John Fletcher mentioned in the land deeds with Henry MAY be his brother John.
Also, there may or MAY NOT have been two John Fletchers in the area both born around 1795. Two different John Fletchers show up in the census living a short distance apart. However, the men were the same age, had the same number of kids in at least one census. I think they were both the same family and owned two different farms and were counted twice in the census.
Generation No. 4
Children of HENRY FLETCHER and CELIA BUNCH:
i. CATHERINE FLETCHER, b. 1838.
ii. WM WILLIAM FLETCHER, b. 1839.
iii. WILSON FLETCHER, b. 1841.
iv. MARY ANN (Polly Ann) FLETCHER, b. 1844.
v. BENJAMIN FLETCHER, b. 1847. Note that Thomas A. Fletcher had two brothers; one named Ben and one named William. Henry had two sons named Ben and William. Married Harriet Pridemore who is buried in Kyles Ford
vi. JOHN FLETCHER, b. 1850. Is this John Jesse Fletcher buried in Kyles Ford? Dates are off.
vii. AMANDA FLETCHER, b. 1854.
Notes about Henry: In a genealogy document given to me by researcher Ann Filcowitz it names Thomas as the father of Henry. I think that is incorrect. I did not find any documents linking the two. I found the graves of John Jesse Fletcher and Harriet Fletcher in Kyles Ford up on a hill behind the home of Dayton Moles on Fox Branch Road. A few documents refer to this area as Fox Branch. Harriet Pridemore Fletcher was married to Ben Fletcher. See the grave video below.
Wilson Fletcher, wife and son W.M. left the Kyles Ford area for Manchester Kentucky located in Clay county. His death record shows that he died in Clay county. Robert House advised me that his ancestor Pete House was the undertaker for Wilson. In Manchester Kentucky, my Fletcher line is connected to the House line several different ways. My aunts and uncles remember a descendent of Pete House....also named Pete House.
Azariah D. Fletcher born 1850, and reported to be the great grandfather to senator John McCain married Martha Kidwell in adjacent Laurel Co. Kentucky. I believe that the 1812 Azariah D. Fletcher may have left Kyles Ford Tennessee and went to Clay Co. Kentucky with Wilson and possibly others. Of course, I would love to claim kinship to senator John McCain but, I am looking for more definitive evidence linking 1812 Azariah to 1850 Azariah and links from 1812 Azariah to Thomas A. Fletcher. I have written to the Hawkins County Historical Society and asked if they could check local records which are not avaialble online.
Kyles Ford Video
Update: New information on video above. John Jesse Fletcher, shown at left, is the man in the grave featured in the video above. John is one of my great, great uncles. Two different people have advised me that John was shot in the leg in a dispute over a woman and died as a result. In one account, John was apparently chopping some fire wood for a single, attractive woman and another man took offense to this and shot john in the leg with a shot-gun. In the photo at left, John is holding a pocket knife which is half open. I have no information on the picture or why he is posing as he is. I recon it was a new knife and Jesse was a wantin' ta show it off! LOL
Finding that graveyard was a small miracle in itself. I was told that my line came from Kyles Ford TN by Francis Howard Hickey who is a distant cousin. Then I found a small mention of a Fletcher graveyard in Kyles Ford TN, I put the longitude and latitude of the graveyard in my GPS, drove there, I saw two guys standing on the side of the road and I asked about the Fletcher graveyard, they pointed across the road and up a steep hill...."thar hit is" they said. No trail, mostly unmarked graves, but I found it within minutes of getting to Kyles Ford! The names on the headstones match people on the census know to be my kin. This was the right place, these are my people. bill and mable jones fletcher manchester kentucky.
Generation No. 5
CHILDREN OF wILSON FLETCHER and MARY "POLLY" JOHNSON? see the census documents here
Children of WILSON FLETCHER and POLLY JOHNSON? are:
i. JOHN FLETCHER, b. Jun 1866, Clay County,Kentucky.
ii. MARTHA FLETCHER, b. Jul 1870, Tennessee; d. Abt. 1914, Manchester,Kentucky (Clay County).
iii. WILLIAM "W.M." FLETCHER, b. 02 Aug 1881; d. 10 Jul 1947, Manchester,Kentucky (Clay County).
Notes: Polly may have been married before she married Wilson. I know more than one Fletcher migrated from Kyles Ford TN to Clay County KY. I am not sure what the connection was.
Generation No. 6
Children of W.M. Fletcher b: 1881 d: 1947 Clay co KY and Myrtle White b: 1896 d; 1954 (Father John Crit White, mother unknown Delph
iii. Mary Anna (died at age 5)
iv Catherine (died about age 17)
x. William jr
xii. John Crit
Generation No. 7
CHILDREN OF MATT FLETCHER AND WILMA SANDERS FLETCHER
The Timeline Works
If Thomas A. was born about ..........................................1749 according to census and war records.
John Fletcher would have been born about ...............................1780 according to census records.
Henry was born about .....................................................1811 according to census records.
Wilson born about ..........................................................1846 accroding to census records.
W.M.Fletcher born ..........................................................1881 according to his headstone.
Matt Fletcher (my father) was born in............................. 1927 according to his birth certificate.
The timeline works, I have the right names, right time, right place and a good but not conclusive paper-trail. I think one of the most convincing pieces of evidence that Thomas A. is in my direct line is the fact that no other lines have claimed him. I even found one genealogy website which said, "to which line does Thomas A. Fletcher belong?" I know that several researchers have unsucessfully searched for connections to him. That fact that no other researchers found a link to Thomas A., is yet another indicator that he is of my line.
Manchester Kentucky Video
Amanda Fletcher Keith and John Crit Fletcher are my last two living uncle and aunt. They were 2 of 12 children born to W.M. and Myrtle Fletcher of Manchester Kentucky located in Clay county. Amanda has since passed away. She had a good long life and was one of the best people I ever knew. Sadly, as the older kin folks die off I lose more and more of my connection to my Appalachian roots. I wish I had started my research decades earlier and gathered more information about our past.
fletcher manchester kentucky
Our Music From Kyles Ford
See all of my fletcher genealogy research documents